silicon controlled  rectifiers


| SCRs |




The SCR is a controllable DIODE. It needs a current signal from the gate to turn on and once turned on it will stay on until the voltage across cathode - anode returns to 0v.
In AC circuits they can be "triggered on" at a particular voltage point on the sine wave and they will continue to conduct until the wave crosses the 0v pointand then stop conducting until triggered again at the next trigger point on the sine wave.

By slicing the sine wave, RMS power can be controlled on AC loads such as lights and motors.


In AC circuits inverted parallel pairs must be used together (to allow for AC conduction).
Banks of SCRs can be combined to

increase the power rating of a control system.

SCRs cannot amplify or switch in the same manner as transistors.



Notice the TO220 has the tab (with bolt hole) as the Anode


  Video clips related to SCRs and Thyristors 


A simple stop start control circuit can be built for a DC motor from an SCR.
When the NO (normally open) ON push button is closed the SCR begins to conduct energizing the motor.
The motor will continue to run even when the ON button is released because  an SCR will conduct once energized until they are de-energized.
Opening the NC (normally closed) OFF button will de-energize the circuit opening the SCR circuit and stopping the motor.


One SCR in an AC circuit triggered by a diode will create pulsating DC.
The little notch on the PDC wave reflects the .7V forward voltage of a diode.